The name Polperro originates from the Cornish Porthpyra (meaning Pyra's cove). It is a large village with a pictureque fishing harbour within the Polperro Heritage Coastline in south Cornwall and sits on the South-West Coastal path and is within an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty.
Polperro is a noted noted tourist destination all year round not only attracting holidaymakers but hikers, painters, photographers and yachts. its idyllic appearance comes from the tightly-packed ancient fishermen's houses which survive almost untouched, its quaint harbour and attractive coastline.
Fishing was traditionally the principal occupation of Polperro families and some fishing does continue today. The fishing industry in Polperro was based largely on the pilchard but in the 20th century pilchard shoals decreased substantially. Today most fish landed consists of monkfish, pollock, bass plus lobsters, crabs and scallops.
From the 1960s tourism has played a large role in the village's economy.